Water covers about 70% of earth’s area, yet only a small fraction of that amount is usable. Fresh or consumable water has a very limited supply, attributed to rains, freshwater lakes and rivers; that are mostly formed owing to glacial melting, which are further shrinking, due to human activity. This human activity is actually disturbing balance of the whole ecosystem, of which, water is rather a small part, but despite that, since it’s central to sustenance on earth, even a small amount of imbalance can actually disturb thrival of the whole ecosystem.
Islam lays great emphasis upon usage of earth’s resources, including water as they are limited and sole property of Almighty Allah, Who directs His beings to use all these resources in a sustainable manner. Water holds great importance in Islam, which can be deciphered from the fact that the word water (Al- maa) has been used 63 times in the Holy Quran. Also, it is the source of life on earth as Allah says in the Quran, Chapter 21; verse 30, in which it was clearly said that every living thing was made from water by Him.
In another such instance, Allah Almighty says in the Chapter 11; verse 7 that briefly says that Allah created the heaven and earth in six days, whereas His throne rests upon water. Allah, The Most Merciful talks about his mercy, alongside water saying that Allah sends rain in times of despair and spreads abroad His mercy. Besides that, water is also source of purification and cleanliness in the religion, whereas its wastage has been highly discouraged. Muslims carry out ablution before standing for prayers five times a day, for which Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) advised show of modesty, while performing ablution.
In addition to that, it is part of the Sunnah (Prophet’s tradition) to take a bath before leaving for Jumma congregation (Friday prayers), which is described as the most blessed day of the week. But for that too, modest use of water is advised. In Sahih Abu Dawood, it has been said that followers of Islam have shares in three things: water, grass and fire. It is pertinent to mention here that, Almighty has not barred humans from usage of all abundant natural resources available on earth, in fact they are free to use them as they please, but again show of modesty and sustainability has been directed, whereby wastage has been discouraged and the one wasting water would be held accountable on Judgement day.
Muslims regard the Zamzam water with great reverence and regard and not even a single drop is wasted by the pilgrims who plan their hajj with
Non Shifting Hajj packages, similarly, Hajj pilgrims who come to Makkah to please the Lord, with Hajj packages 2016, try to follow suit. This practice must be followed in real life with ordinary water as well, in accordance with the Islamic laws, so that there is water for our upcoming generations as well.